It celebrates numerous religious festivals and three national festivals. Gandhi Jayanti, Republic Day and Independence Day are the three national festivals celebrated in the country.
An armed assault on the citadel of the British Empire in India was the only alternative left to deliver the country from bondage. While other leaders of the Indian National Congress fell short of realizing this fact and thus betrayed a lack of pragmatic approach to the turn of world events that provided India with a golden opportunity to strike at the British by a force of arms, Bose rose to the needs of the hour and was quick to seize that opportunity.
In Januarywhile under both house arrest, and strict British surveillance, he escaped. After an arduous trek through the rugged terrains of several countries, with an Italian passport under the assumed name of Orlando Mazzota - in which he was aided by underground revolutionaries and foreign diplomatic agents -- Bose appeared in Berlin, via Moscow, on 28 March Bose was welcome in Germany, although the news of his arrival there was kept a secret for some time for political reasons.
The German Foreign Office, which was assigned the primary responsibility of dealing with Bose and taking care of him, had been well informed of the background and political status of the Indian leader through its pre-war Consulate-General at Calcutta and also by its representative in Kabul.
Bose himself, naturally some what impatient for getting into action soon after his arrival in Berlin, submitted a memorandum to the German government on 9 April which outlined a plan for co-operation between the Axis powers and India.
Among other things, it called for the setting up of a "Free India Government" in Europe, preferably in Berlin; establishment of a Free India broadcasting station calling upon the Indian people to assert their independence and rise up in revolt against the British authorities; underground work in Afghanistan Kabul involving independent tribal territories lying between Afghanistan and India and within India itself for fostering and aiding the revolution; provision of finances by Germany in the form of a loan to the Free India government-in-exile; and deployment of German military contingents to smash the British army in India.
In a supplementary memorandum bearing the same date, Bose requested that an early pronouncement be made regarding the freedom of India and the Arab countries. Evidently the idea of recruiting the Indian prisoners of war for the purpose of establishing a nucleus of an Indian national army did not occur to him during his early days in Berlin.
At that time the German government was in the process of formulating its own plan for dealing with Sublias Chandra Bose in the best possible manner. The Foreign Office felt itself inadequate to discharge this awesome responsibility without referring the whole matter to Hitler.
There was a long wait for Bose, during which period he often tended to become frustrated. Nevertheless, through several sympathetic officers of the Foreign Office, he continued to press his requests and put forth new ideas.
Finally, after months of waiting and many moments of disappointment often bordering on despair for Bose, Germany agreed to give him unconditional and all-out help.
The two immediate results of this decision were the establishment of a Free India Center and inauguration of a Free India Radio, both beginning their operations in November In its first official meeting on 2 Novemberthe Free India Center adopted four historical resolutions that would serve as guidelines for the entire movement in subsequent months and years in Europe and Asia.
The radio programs were broadcast in several Indian languages on a regular basis. He might even have discussed this matter with his colleagues-the Indian compatriots in Germany who had joined him-as to how best to implement the idea.
However, as mentioned earlier, his first memorandum submitted to the German Government did not include any such plan. Ganpuley, who was his associate in Berlin, Netaji himself, when he left India, could not have, by any stretch of imagination, thought of forming a national army unit outside the country, and therefore he had no definite plans chalked out for its realization.
Even while in Berlin, he could not think of it during the first few months of his stay there.Under his leadership, the Indian National Army invaded British India from the east, defeated the British army, occupied a part of Assam and hoisted India's free .
Essay The purpose of this essay is to further my knowledge of the Army NCO support channel, chain of command and why we as Soldiers use them.
It is also to inform the parties that may be what I feel loyalty, dedicated service and also my interpretation of Military bearing and Discipline. The Indian National Army has been neglected in accounts of the Second World War in South-east Asia. It grew out of the defeat of British Empire forces in Malaya and Singapore in , with captured Indian officers and men of the British Indian army volunteering to fight alongside the Japanese in order to further the cause of Indian .
The Indian National Army has been neglected in accounts of the Second World War in South-east Asia. It grew out of the defeat of British Empire forces in Malaya and Singapore in , with captured Indian officers and men of the British Indian army volunteering to fight alongside the Japanese in order to further the cause of Indian nationalism.
Article shared by. Essay on Indian National Army (INA)! After the close of First World War Indians thought of organising national independence movement outside India, particularly in Far-East countries. Subhas Chandra Bose, The Indian National Army, and The War of India's Liberation.
By Ranjan Borra. India's Army of Liberation in the West. The arrival of Subhas Chandra Bose in Germany in (during the turbulent period of World War II) and his anti-British activities in that country in co-operation with the German government, culminated in .